Dust is a very important element present everywhere in the Universe. In particular, dust attenuation absorbs, scatters and re-emits light. Nevertheless, not much is known on how dust affects light from galaxies at high redshift, since it is difficult to observe them. Mónica Tress, a final-year-PhD explains more about how dust attenuation effects are studied in galaxies far away.
Every year in the Italian Alps, the renowned Tonale Cosmology Winter School takes place. This school brings together PhD students, Master’s students, and Post-docs in Cosmology from across the world, allowing them to share ideas and informing them of the state-of-the-art. One of our first year PhD’s, Anurag Deshpande, was fortunate enough to attend. He reports back on the school.
Cosmology is in pretty bad shape; we don’t know what makes up 95% of the Universe. Galaxies spin too fast and the expansion of the Universe is unexpectedly accelerating. Cosmologists deal with this by inferring the existence of dark matter and dark energy. These form the backbone of the Lambda Cold Dark Matter (LCDM) model. The problem is that we have no physical explanation for the existence of these two components.
You may be considering applying for a PhD at MSSL and want to know more about what it’s really like here. Some of our new students answer questions about how they are finding life as a research student here at the lab. Anurag, Choong Ling, and Nabil joined the Astrophysics group in this September.